指控 接收指控 报告分配给检验员 检验员评估 并识别犯罪 调查 收集到的专家兽医证据 目击者的陈述了 面试完成 闭路电视和电话录像 Casefile准备 起诉 起诉团队审查 对证据和 公共利益测试 决定

 

调查程序如何运作

当被指控的罪行已经发生时, MG游戏的调查员必须收集证据以便准备一份案件档案. 这可能包括:

We have no special powers to gather this evidence but we use the law to ensure we carry out our job as best we can.

Our investigators put together a case file and submit this to our independent 起诉 team who will review all of the evidence and consider 这个案子是否应该被起诉 法庭的进展. When determining this they use Crown 起诉 Service (CPS) guidelines and must determine whether the evidence is strong enough and if it's in the public interest. This means taking into consideration factors such as mental health issues of those involved.

为什么调查这么久

It's vital that our officers carry out a full and thorough investigation when following up on reports of animal cruelty or neglect. 虽然MG游戏没有警察那样的超能力, we carry out an investigation in a similar way to them and that involves gathering evidence, 做陈述并寻求专家建议.

We have to make sure we follow proper processes and follow the law to build a strong legal case.

MG游戏需要收到多少报告才能采取行动?

When assessing a situation we rely on the quality of the information provided, 而不是报告的数量. That means that just one call can be sufficient to start an investigation. Receiving multiple reports about the same animal can be detrimental because these can stop other callers from getting through to our call-takers on our national cruelty line.

法律是怎么说的

It's not always as clear that an offence has been committed as it may first seem. MG游戏调查犯罪所依据的法律(例如 2006年动物福利法案)在什么被视为一种犯罪方面是非常具体的.

Our officers must provide evidence to prove that an offence has been committed in line with this legislation. This means that in many cases we have to provide evidence that an animal has suffered; normally we do this by using the opinion of veterinary experts. 没有这些证据,MG游戏几乎不可能立案.

为什么MG游戏起诉

MG游戏成立于1824年,并开始占领 对虐待动物的起诉 早在19世纪30年代因为当时没有人保护动物. 第一支警察部队直到后来才成立.

MG游戏MG游戏将虐待动物者绳之以法的历史感到骄傲, 多年来, MG游戏一直是调查和起诉的主体 动物福利的情况下 在英格兰和威尔士. The police and Crown 起诉 Service (CPS) can also bring animal cruelty and neglect cases and we regularly work closely with them on investigations.

MG游戏如何起诉

Unlike the police or local authorities, we have no special powers to investigate or prosecute. MG游戏把私人 起诉 告上法庭. Any individual or entity within the UK has the right to bring a private prosecution.

How is a private prosecution different to one brought by the Crown 起诉 Service?

Once the case is listed in court the only difference is that the prosecuting lawyer is there on behalf of us instead of being employed by the Crown 起诉 Service. 法庭程序是一样的,定罪后的惩罚也是一样的.

为什么案子要这么久才能上法庭

法院非常繁忙,司法程序可能会很漫长. We're guided by the availability of dates for court space, and legal representatives and witnesses.

虐待动物的最高刑罚

The maximum sentence for anyone convicted of an animal welfare offence is five years in prison. MG游戏不给人判刑——这是法庭的职责, and penalties are decided by the magistrates or judge and will depend on the circumstances.

多年来,MG游戏一直在争取增加最高刑期 对那些被判虐待动物罪的人起到更好的威慑作用, 反映了他们罪行的严重性, 更好地保护动物. The Animal Welfare (Sentencing) Act - 和 maximum five year sentence - was introduced in June 2021.

MG游戏也调查其他法律下的案件,例如 野生动物和乡村法案《MG游戏App》,它们的句子更短. MG游戏的一些复杂案例,通常由 特别行动组 -有时涉及欺诈法下的其他罪行, 例如, 哪个能判更长的刑期.

如果主人被起诉,动物会怎么样

Our main priority is always the welfare of the animals caught up in any offences or investigation, 同时也为那些动物伸张正义. The main aim of prosecuting an individual is to ensure that their animals, 任何未来的动物, MG游戏会被保护吗, 在大多数情况下, remind the magistrate or judge of their powers to disqualify a defendant from owning or being involved in the care of animals in the future.

在某些情况下, owners may choose to voluntarily sign their animals over to us so that we can rehome them more quickly. 在其他情况下, a court may disqualify them from owning animals and transfer the ownership of their animals to us so that we can rehome them. Our aim is always to rehome animals as quickly as possible to ensure they have the best quality of life. These decisions are made by the courts, however, so we must adhere to any orders that they instruct.

MG游戏要放弃起诉吗?

We're proud of our long history investigating and prosecuting animal cruelty but the world is changing and with longer prison sentences now in force this places a huge responsibility on us, 作为一个慈善机构. We believe this responsibility should sit with the Crown 起诉 Service (CPS),一个具有监管监督的法定公共机构.

We have started negotiations with CPS 和 Governments 在英格兰和威尔士 on handing this role over and are having constructive discussions with them and others.

Why we can't tell people what we're doing about a report or investigation

We have to be very careful as to what information can be released to the public before a case has concluded due to strict laws including data protection 和 need to avoid prejudicing the trial.

We know this can be frustrating but we have to be careful that we don't release sensitive information which could lead to us being fined or jeopardising a future court case.

MG游戏的成功率是多少?

2019年,MG游戏获得了1个,432宗涉及动物福利罪行的定罪, 也就是说MG游戏达到了93分.7%的成功率. 阅读更多信息 MG游戏的起诉.

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MG游戏如何决定起诉

MG游戏确保对证据进行一致、公正和独立的审查.